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Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS)The Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) is a combined effort by Federal (USDA) and State agricultural organizations to conduct surveillance, detection, and monitoring of agricultural crop pests and biological control agents.
Survey targets include: weeds, plant diseases, insects, nematodes, and other invertebrate organisms.
Components of the program include:
1. Survey, detection, and identification activities in the field and the laboratory.
2. A national database - the National Agricultural Pest Information System (NAPIS).
3. Electronic information exchange systems.
USDA APHIS PPQ provides national and regional coordination, funding, and technical support for Federal and cooperative survey projects. State Survey Committees, comprised of members from various state agencies and scientific disciplines, work with State Survey Coordinators to direct individual State programs that satisfy the needs of the state as well as serving national interests.
The current Ohio CAPS program goals include:
Detect exotic pests before they can become well established: One goal of the CAPS program is to detect exotic or invasive pests early so that measures can be taken to eradicate them before they become established and have an impact on the environment and industry. Surveys for hemlock woolly adelgid, viburnum leaf beetle, oak splendour beetle, chrysanthemum white rust and sudden oak death are currently under way to meet this goal.
Facilitate the export of U.S. Agricultural products: A second goal is to facilitate export of U.S. agricultural products by demonstrating a pest does not exist in the state. Ohio's karnal bunt survey demonstrates to other countries that the disease does not occur in the state, and as such Ohio's wheat is safe to import.
Collect and manage survey data: All CAPS survey data is entered and maintained in the NAPIS database, which is accessible by other states. This information repository allows other states to quickly and easily determine which pests are distributed throughout what states, which also assists state officials who make regulatory decisions. The NAPIS Pest Tracker site is available to the public at the following address: http://ceris.purdue.edu/napis.